In a latest study released on December 18, 2018, researchers have found that opioids are unnecessarily used as painkiller for treating non-cancer patients. Opioids are overly used and killing a large number of Americans. Study says that Opioids is not the right drug for treating many types of pain.
Researchers also found that other medicines and treatments such as ice, physical therapy is more effective when treating non-cancer patients. However it is observed that when Opioids fail to provide any relief in pain, doctors are considering higher dose of it as a result patients get addicted to the drug and sometimes it results into the death of the patient also.
In the previous year, there were around 70,000 deaths due to the overdose of medicines, as per the CDC Report and in most of the cases responsible drug was fentanyl.
Opioids are considered while treating cancer related pain. But Doctors also recommend them for back-pain, post-surgical pain and headache.
Jason Busse, researcher with McMaster University, Ontario has done commendable work on how this drug works. He says that for treating chronic pain the role of Opioids is useful is not established yet. However the overuse of the drug can cause addiction, diversion and death also. Researchers say that Opioids are found less useful in treating pain relief, physical activities, emotional health and sleep, compared to Placebo. Also, Placebo is considered better since Opioids are known to cause drowsiness, over-vomiting, constipation, dry mouth, itching, nausea and dizziness.
Researchers note that in spite of all these, Opioids is a favored drug for the treatment of pain.
In 2016, approximately 50 million people in America were suffering from non-cancerous chronic pain and they were prescribed Opioids. Between 2013 and 2016, in terms of per-capita use of Opioids, US tops in the world.
CDC is trying to convince doctors to prescribe Opioids only when necessary in a minimum possible dose and for a shortest possible time. As an alternative, Doctors are advised to use physical therapy or ice for relieving pain.