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Utrecht Physicists Form A Non-Integer Structure Using Electrons

The electrons have an unusual behavior even in their three, two, or one-dimensional pattern. Physics is a subject that can help transform an electron in such a form that it can be possibly used for various electronic systems and technological applications. One question that arises is what if the electron falls in between the existing dimensions here is where the researchers from the Utrecht University come into play.

The researchers are imaging the non-integer dimensions such as 1.58 dimensions existence in certain structures like the fractal structures, the ones found in the lungs. It is a self-similar structure that is quite different when compared to the normal objects. The most surprising is that if one invades the structure deep in then the structure remains the same. The fractal structures are basically used in the electronic sector wherein the antennas require the fractal structures to receive or transmit signals in a high-frequency range.

The researchers Sander Kempkes and Marlou Slot from the Utrecht University have developed a triangular fractal shape named “Sierpiński triangle” with a 1.58 dimension wherein the muffin tin shaped was formed using the electrons, carbon dioxide, and a copper background using a quantum simulator . The overall quantum physics of these fractal structures seemed to vary from the normal objects. Even when the electronic wavefunction dimension is calculated the electrons show a restrain in their dimensions so as to gain the fractal shape.

The groundbreaking discovery is sure to open a new line of research in the electrons confined in the non-integer structures. These structures placement whether in the two or one dimensions is what the researchers are trying to find answers for. The fractal structures already have many applications which further enhance its impact on the quantum scale research. Physicists Christian Heide and his team of the Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nuremberg used signature orthogonally polarized laser pulses in graphene to produce a controllable and variable current the direction of which can be reversed within a femtosecond so as better comprehend electronic and topological characters at optical frequencies.